Uganda has substantial natural resources, including fertile soils, regular rainfall, small deposits of copper, gold, and other minerals, and recently discovered oil. Agriculture is the most important sector of the economy, employing over two-thirds of the work force. Coffee accounts for the bulk of export revenues. Since 1986, the government - with the support of foreign countries and international agencies - has acted to rehabilitate and stabilize the economy by undertaking currency reform, raising producer prices on export crops, increasing prices of petroleum products, and improving civil service wages. The policy changes are especially aimed at dampening inflation and boosting production and export earnings. Since 1990 economic reforms ushered in an era of solid economic growth based on continued investment in infrastructure, improved incentives for production and exports, lower inflation, better domestic security, and the return of exiled Indian-Ugandan entrepreneurs. The global economic downturn hurt Uganda's exports; however, Uganda's GDP growth has largely recovered due to past reforms and sound management of the downturn. Oil revenues and taxes will become a larger source of government funding as oil comes on line in the next few years, although lower oil prices since 2014 and protracted negotiations and legal disputes between the Ugandan government and oil companies may prove a stumbling block to further exploration and development. Instability in South Sudan is a risk for the Ugandan economy because Uganda's main export partner is Sudan, and Uganda is a key destination for Sudanese refugees. Unreliable power, high energy costs, inadequate transportation infrastructure, and corruption inhibit economic development and investor confidence. During 2014 to 2015 the Uganda Shilling depreciated against the dollar, and this, coupled with increased public debt, has severely impeded production, especially since Uganda is a importer of capital goods.

$76.94 billion (2014 est.)
$73.35 billion (2013 est.)
$70.6 billion (2012 est.)
note: data are in 2014 US dollars
country comparison to the world: 98
$27.62 billion (2014 est.)
4.9% (2014 est.)
3.9% (2013 est.)
2.6% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 36
$2,000 (2014 est.)
$1,900 (2013 est.)
$1,900 (2012 est.)
note: data are in 2013 US dollars
country comparison to the world: 209
household consumption: 78.9%
government consumption: 8.8%
investment in fixed capital: 24.2%
investment in inventories: 0.2%
exports of goods and services: 21%
imports of goods and services: -33.2%
(2014 est.)
agriculture: 21.9%
industry: 26.7%
services: 51.3% (2014 est.)
13.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 202
-3.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 137
$2.66 billion (2014 est.)
$2.829 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 133
$4.714 billion (2014 est.)
$4.512 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 130
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